New Orleans, 10 Years Later
By: Katie James | Travel and Leisure | 10/11/2015
Some dates settle in our nation’s collective consciousness and can never be forgotten. August 29, 2005—the day that Hurricane Katrina made landfall in southeast Louisiana, and became one of the greatest natural disasters in United States’ history—is one of them. But the devastation of Katrina extends beyond the physical, and its aftermath can be felt by New Orleans residents old and new.
To better understand the city—one so beloved by T+L readers—10 years later, we asked locals to offer thoughts on the hurricane, its destruction, and the city’s triumphs and failures as it continues to rebuild. Cedric Angeles, the NOLA-based photographer whose images illustrate this piece, puts it succinctly: “I would argue that New Orleans has the most beautiful and deepest soul of any American city.”
Here now, 40 unique voices chime in:
Alex Beard, artist:
Katrina’s too big for me to sum up in a few words. It’s either a voluminous tome or an expletive. I’ll go with the latter.
Ben Jaffe, Creative Director, Preservation Hall and bass/sousaphone player in the Preservation Hall Jazz Band:
It’s not easy talking about August 29, 2005. For those of us who lived through what’s become known simply as “Katrina,” it’s painful on many levels.
I was one of those people who, bravely or foolishly depending on who you ask, stayed behind. I saw the eye of the storm miss us entirely. The following day, I was outside surveying the damage caused by the winds and the rain of the storm, when a frantic resident on a bicycle rode by and alerted me that the levees had breached and the city was filling up with water. It didn’t take long for the situation to go from eerie to desperate. From quiet and peaceful to living hell. Nothing justifies our failure to protect our own citizens. Let’s never forget people’s lives were lost while others never even had a fighting chance. Eighty percent of our city ended up under water. Imagine a neighbor’s house catching fire. Now imagine your entire neighborhood disappearing. It was gruesome.
I am most proud of cofounding the New Orleans Musicians Hurricane Relief Fund, which offered emergency financial relief as well as 360-degree services to the musicians of New Orleans. We designated pillars of the cultural community and supported their return to New Orleans with grant dollars. I knew if we could get the cultural hubs of our community back to New Orleans, others would follow in their footsteps. And they did! First it was the Rebirth Brass Band and Kermit Ruffins, then the Hot 8 and Soul Rebels, James Andrews, Shannon Powell, and hundreds of others.
It took a year to get Preservation Hall back open. It took another six years before we were profitable. We survived on sheer will. That truly speaks to the strength of our city’s soul. It’s unbelievable that not only are we still standing today, but also we, the collective city, are stronger than ever. Music in New Orleans is stronger than ever.
New Orleans Mayor Mitch Landrieu:
Hurricane Katrina and the failure of the federal levees were tragedies like none other. But Hurricane Katrina hasn’t been our only challenge; Katrina was just the most serious in a litany of problems that New Orleans has faced over the last few decades. Our population started declining in the latter half of 20th century and then the attacks on September 11, 2001, crushed our tourism-dependent economy. After Katrina, New Orleans also faced Rita, Ike, Gustav, and Isaac; the national recession; and, of course, the BP oil spill.
Now, New Orleans is on a roll and our progress is stronger than it has ever been. Our city’s comeback is one of the world’s most remarkable stories of tragedy and triumph and of resurrection and redemption. Our story is told in one word: resilience. We really had no other choice; it was adapt, or die. The storm laid down the gauntlet, and, with this huge tragedy, came a huge responsibility to make it right.
For New Orleans, Katrina was a near-death experience. But we rose to the challenge, resolving not just to rebuild the city that we once were, but to create the city that we always should have been.
There is no doubt that our progress has been remarkable, but Lord knows we have a long, long way to go. After all, although it has been 10 years, Katrina didn’t create all of our problems—they are generations in the making and are shared by every other part of America. But, what has emerged on the other side of 10 years is the premier example of change and urban innovation in America.
For our city, being resilient means more than levees holding back water and wetlands protecting us from storms; it means striking a balance between human needs and the environment that surrounds us while also combating the chronic stresses of violence, poverty, and inequality. We have a responsibility to get it right and to set the city on a more just and sustainable path for generations to come.
New Orleans is now one of the fastest-growing cities in America as no other city gets in your soul like we do. Tourism continues to set new records and we now have more restaurants than we did before the storm. We’re making headway on crime, construction is booming, the arts, music, and shopping are thriving and there is a new sense of life and vibrancy everywhere you go. But, we still have work to do.
So as we approach the city’s 300th anniversary in 2018, we are building a better, stronger and more resilient New Orleans. And, we are doing it as one team, one fight, one voice, one city—just like we always should have done.
Emeril Lagasse, Chef and restaurateur:
New Orleans is renowned for its architecture, music, culture, and cuisine. It’s undeniable that we have a long history that is composed of many influences and backgrounds that have blended together giving us a unique identity. New Orleanians keep our history and spirit alive by sharing experiences through food. We have always been serious about food and the saying definitely holds true here: “Live to eat, don’t eat to live.” Looking at New Orleans 10 years post-Katrina is a great reminder of how food is the heart and soul of the city. It always was and it always will be. Today, the food scene has exploded—not only by the sheer number of restaurants, but also by what it is the chefs are doing. We are pushing the envelope on what “New Orleans cuisine” means yet again. Yes, Cajun and Creole influences are still part of our foundation, but now we are really playing with what’s expected. And look, we may be expanding on what’s “traditional,” but we approach it with the same amount of love. Post-Katrina, we have added a whole new host of influences that are evolving our cuisine and redefining the food scene. To me, this evolution is yet another example of our resiliency and strength of character.
George Kourounis, Adventurer, storm chaser, and host of Pivot’s Angry Planet:
It took some time before we realized that history had just been made.
Being a professional storm chaser means that I’m used to seeing the ferocity of Mother Nature firsthand. I’d been chasing tornadoes for years, and had been in the middle of hurricanes before, but 2005 was different. The U.S. experienced four major hurricane landfalls that year, one a month from July to October, and I was there for each, filming the storms as they came ashore. But Katrina will always stick out in my mind.
There were a small handful of us who had teamed up and found a steel-reinforced concrete parking garage for shelter. I didn’t think any other structure would be strong enough to withstand the inevitable wind, flying debris, and flooding storm surge.
The worst part was the anticipation. We waited an entire night in the garage, not knowing what the next 24 hours had in store for us. The National Weather Service in New Orleans issued warnings about the possibility of household appliances and small cars becoming deadly, airborne missiles, and that tall buildings could sway in the wind to the point of collapse. At this point Katrina was a category five storm, the highest on the scale. Not a lot of sleep was had.
At daybreak, the storm started to slowly ramp up, and by the afternoon, we were getting blasted with wind gusts approaching 200 mph. There were pieces of metal spinning through the air like helicopter blades, and each raindrop felt like the point of a needle. I had to crawl from place to place or else get blown away by the intense winds.
When the storm eventually passed, the destruction left behind rivaled that of many tornadoes I’ve seen, but more widespread. Driving out of Gulfport, I had to navigate around boats, Jet Skis, downed power lines, and gas leaks. It wasn’t until I got halfway home to Canada that I learned how bad it had actually been.
Luckily, Katrina weakened from a category five storm to a three in the last hours before landfall. New Orleans never took a direct hit; if it had, the damage would have been much worse. It’s hard to imagine, considering how bad things got there. In the 10 years that have passed since the 2005 hurricane season, the U.S. has been lucky to avoid another major hurricane strike. I truly hope the people of the Atlantic Coast do not forget the lessons learned from Katrina. It’s been a long time, and memories fade, but the storms will return.
Big Freedia, Bounce Artist and author of God Save the Queen Diva!:
I think everyone in New Orleans has PTSD from Katrina and always will to some degree. I remember it like it was yesterday. I had just moved to a new apartment and was cooking crawfish and shrimp with my Uncle Percy, my sister and her newborn baby, and my brother, when my momma called and told us to evacuate.
We’d been warned countless times before. “Shit don’t never happen when we leave,” I remember telling her. “Except my house gets robbed.” By nighttime, the storm had come and gone, but the next morning, the levees breached. That’s when all hell broke out.
The only reason we lived was because we were on the second story of an apartment—we were able to bust open a hole in the roof, where we sat for days. Eventually we made it to the 610 Bridge. Baby, it wasn’t pretty. It was sweltering hot; women were out of food and diapers for their babies; my beard grew. I was the farthest thing from a Queen right then. Thank god, we eventually got rescued and made it to an army base in Arkansas.
After Katrina, I was displaced and lived in Houston and that’s how Bounce started to spread. I was doing club appearances there three to four nights a week. My best friend—the transgendered Bounce artist Katey Red—went to Dallas. At that point, Bounce became more than a style of dance or music. It was a way to channel our pain and grief because many of the people who came out to the clubs were also Katrina refugees. I think that energy has stayed with Bounce and that’s why it still resonates with so many people. Like I said, I think we are all still a little on edge after Katrina. Our city is changed forever. But Bounce was our salvation. It saved us.
Dr. John, New Orleans native and six-time Grammy-award-winning musician:
I was on the road during Katrina and I had to call and tell my kids that it was serious. Some things are better now and some things are worse. In parts of New Orleans you wouldn’t know it happened, but the Ninth Ward is still not fixed. A whole part of New Orleans that was here—one that was part of the soul and spirit of New Orleans—is gone. Where are all those people now?
Dr. John’s musical response to the state of New Orleans post-Hurricane Katrina, The City that Care Forgot, won a Grammy Award for Best Contemporary Blues Album in 2008.
Liljose Tompkins, Make It Right foundation homeowner in the Lower Ninth Ward:
People don’t realize the mental anguish that we went through in the Lower Ninth Ward. It was not just about the devastation, but also the mental anguish of the city telling us that we were not allowed to come back to our area. A lot of people wanted to return—I know that for a fact because I worked as a caseworker in Houston for those displaced by the storm—but they couldn’t because they didn’t have the support of the city, nor Road Home, or any other programs.
Some people started calling us refugees—well, we were treated like refugees, not like citizens. But I can assure you that I’m a citizen. In our neighborhood people were always taught to be an active part of the community, to learn how to own your own land, and to be the best that you can be. We are a community of people that love one another and care for our neighbors.
So it has been devastating, and it is still devastating—there is a lot of work to do and we don’t know if it ever will get done.
But I thank god for the Make It Right foundation. If it hadn’t been for Brad Pitt coming in and investing in the area, I think the city would have taken it under eminent domain. He may not realize that he really saved a lot of lives by rebuilding this area. His foundation gave the Lower Ninth Ward the shot in the arm that it needed to come back and survive, and for that I’ll be forever grateful.
Eve Troeh, News Director, WWNO:
“Resilience” has become the buzzword of this Katrina anniversary, and I think we need to pick apart that word. To be resilient, you have to have gone through something; you have to have examined what was weak and what was strong, acknowledge the weaknesses, study them and systematize things so that they can become stronger.
Now, some things need to be made more flexible—recovery funding is a great example of this, where resilience means allowing funding to flow more freely and to be more flexible in the ways it can be used so that a new city can be envisioned, rather than simply replacing what was there before. In some cases resilience means making things more firm—like evacuteer.org, where we have established a system to help those in need of evacuation, but who don’t have transportation outside the city. Formalizing systems and processes is important, so that there is a structure in place.
We should use the word “resilience” to mean not just that we are wiping away the bad things that happened—you can’t sweep under the rug everything that happened, whether that’s losing a family member, losing a job, or not being able to return to New Orleans. When we talk about resilience, it should be an invitation for everyone to hold up their weaknesses and their strengths as individuals, institutions, or government offices, and really examine what happened and what can be done to ensure that it never happens again—so that we will never again go into that dark place where we are afraid that we will lose the things that we love most.
Michael Hecht, President and CEO, Greater New Orleans, Inc.:
My family roots in Louisiana go back to the early 1800s, but my mother married a Yankee, so I grew up in icy New York City. I corrected this adventure in my family tree at the suggestion of my wife. Fifteen years ago, we set off on a 10-week, 15,000-mile cross-country journey in a VW camper. When we arrived in the Big Easy, Marlene turned to me and proclaimed, “We should move to New Orleans—it is the only place in America where you know where you are.” She had a point.
So nine years ago, following Hurricane Katrina, we made the move. It has been the best decision of our lives. In New Orleans we’ve found an exceptionally rich and welcoming environment, where the only apparent sin is being boring. Professionally, we found a place where we can have access, impact, and appreciation—and project it on a global scale.
There is a reason why we see our friends from New York more now than when we lived in Brooklyn. New Orleans is one of the most human cities in the world. Like some people, it took a near-death experience—Katrina—to teach us how to live again. But we are back: still imperfect, but better than ever. After a decade of dedication from the community, the “new” New Orleans is ready to welcome the world.
Ralph Brennan, Restaurateur behind Brennan’s, Napoleon House, Red Fish Grill, Ralph’s on the Park, and more:
The aftermath of Katrina was a surreal, unthinkable time, no matter how you look at it. For a city like New Orleans—one that is so ensconced in the rich culture of its cuisine—to have shuttered its restaurants for one month felt like an eternity.
At last, on day 31, we aggressively pursued the development of a sanitizing solution for clean water, which allowed us to receive the first FDA license to reopen our French Quarter restaurant Red Fish Grill, which helped others to open thereafter. Folks lined up outside the door, eager to have whatever we were serving, even if it was served on paper plates. They were very basic needs we were fulfilling: feeding people, employing people, and providing gathering places for those who were still reeling, truly reeling, from the shock of it all. That sense of community was building again from our doors to the streets of the Quarter.
It took about a year before the grand old restaurants of New Orleans opened up again—Commander’s Palace, Brennan’s—but once they did, the industry was reenergized, with a new style of restaurants opening at an accelerated pace. No one could have foreseen the terrific boom in independent, chef-driven establishments that are squarely focused on local ingredients, local talent, and local heritage. They’ve shown us, once again, how much we have to be proud of here, and what a special place New Orleans has become to the country, if not the world.
Ashley Longshore, Artist, gallery owner, and entrepreneur:
In life, difficult times or challenges can inspire art. Ultimately Katrina really served as inspiration—it inspired people to help one another and pull together, and it inspired artists to be more creative. It caused so much pain and trauma, but a great way to relieve that pain is to create art. New Orleans is such a great city because it is founded on and surrounded by the arts—be it visual, musical, or culinary. It’s raw and edgy, and that’s inspiring. There is an undercurrent here of amazing growth happening right now. This is a city that celebrates art. We really embrace weirdness and I think that’s why for artists of all genres this is such a great city in which to grow. The city allows me to be my ultimate self, and to blossom and grow as an artist.
This city is like one giant love affair—you come here and you fall in love with it, it’s like a marriage. Hurricane Katrina came and it was horrible, but it was just a hiccup in this lifelong love affair that I have with New Orleans. I’m not going anywhere.
Charlie Gabriel, Musician, Preservation Hall Jazz Band:
I believe that music is the most healing thing we have. Everything that we feel comes out in music—in rhythm and in song. It nurses each and every one of us. Jazz is at the center of New Orleans. It’s a national treasure—the only art form that we truly created. We nursed this spirit of music here in New Orleans, and we have kept it alive.
There was a big price to pay for Katrina. New Orleans will never be like it once was. This is a very strong city, with a lot of love and spirit—but something was lost somewhere along the way, I don’t really know how else to say it.
It’s beautiful though, because a lot of people still come to New Orleans and I’m very happy now that there have been some great steps to rebuild the city. New Orleans is going to be beautiful, even better than before. But it’s always been beautiful to me. If you close your eyes, New Orleans is the most beautiful city in the universe.
John Besh, Chef and restaurateur:
It’s been 10 incredibly long years, and perhaps the shortest decade I’ve known, since the destruction of Hurricane Katrina. Ten years since the burning buildings, the windblown rubble in the streets, the sunken neighborhoods, and the chaotic scramble of people searching, rescuing, praying, desperately trying to evade the wrath of the storm.
I’ll never forget the burning rage I felt when I watched the news for the first time a month after our beautiful city had been so devastated. I heard them search to blame: “It’s Bush’s fault!” “It’s the Democrats’ fault!” “It’s the Mayor’s fault!” or “It’s the Governor!” I heard political pundits question the validity of rebuilding New Orleans, and I heard things like, “What’s so special about the Crescent City?” My soul screamed, STOP! We will rebuild, it doesn’t matter what race, political party, or religion you are—we are New Orleans!
And so we did, dish by dish, plate by plate. We fed each other and rebuilt a great city. The passion that stirred in us all defied both Mother Nature and the failed federal levees by creating a better city with more opportunities to share in her culture and where dignity for all was a priority. I saw chefs come from all over to rebuild restaurants and I saw those restaurants employ and give hope to others. Soon we had new housing, schools, streetcars, hospitals, and churches. I saw a city rebuilt through food and hospitality, hope and love. I witnessed the laughter, the tears, the dancing, and the frustration and have been in awe of the resilience of our culture.
A city is more than just a collection of buildings. It is the collective souls of those who dwell there. Here’s to our city, New Orleans. A beautiful, complex, and delicious mess. May we never go through this again and may we be ever thankful for those that helped us rebuild a better place than before… And sure, there is still work to do, but at least we know that tomorrow will be better and that the red beans will taste just the same.
Scott Bakula, Co-Executive Producer, New Orleans, Here & Now, and actor,NCIS: New Orleans:
I’m sure there are thousands, if not millions of Katrina stories. Everyone I bump into that was here during that time has a story. I hear people on set saying, “I’m going to be fine as soon as we get past August 29.” That date is like 9/11 down here. Most of us watched it from afar… It’s been really interesting to be here and to get to know the people and the geography of the city, which is so critical to understanding what happened. When I first arrived in New Orleans, they were just getting ready to host the Super Bowl, and the city’s been booming ever since. I think the film industry has been a big part of that. This city has a natural pull, but they’ve got to follow up—they’ve got to make it cleaner and safer. And hopefully with all that comes the influx of more money. Whatever happens with our show, I will always have a relationship with this city; it will keep me coming back for a lifetime. New Orleans is a unique place—one that becomes a home away from home for so many. Here, you always feel welcome.
To watch New Orleans Here & Now, a six-part docuseries featuring post-Katrina New Orleans, visit Time.com.
Archie Manning, Former NFL quarterback for the New Orleans Saints:
When they reopened the Superdome and the Saints started playing again, it lifted the entire city. They had a good team, which made it to the Championship Game, and that made it even better. During that game there was a big interception, and it almost felt like it was destiny. When the Super Bowl happened in New Orleans, it was pretty bizarre for our family because Peyton was playing for the Colts. But looking at the big picture, it did so much for the people of New Orleans—it was such an emotional lift for everyone. It was a way to forget some of your troubles.
Every part of that win seems related to Hurricane Katrina. There have been stories in other cities, but I don’t know if there has ever been one quite like this—where a city has gone through one of the worst natural disasters in our history, and its team turns around to win the Super Bowl.
The newspapers today are full of tales from Katrina; I find myself reading them, but I almost don’t want to. We’ve been through it once, and there’s a lot that you don’t want to rehash. But it’s also a time to reflect and count your blessings. I don’t call this a time for celebration by any means. Now is a time for reflection.
My husband and I often sit on the back steps in the morning with our coffee and try to come up with a short list of places we’d move to if “the big one” happened again. I’m the cockeyed optimist who believes that it’ll never happen and he’s the voice of doom. We’ve been having this same discussion for the last 10 years and still haven’t figured out any place we’d rather be. Why? Because despite the violence, which ebbed for a while and is now back in full force, the gentrification, and the sad, gap-toothed reality of neighborhoods yet to be rebuilt—this is still a unique city of friendly and interesting people, funky culture, and great food that appears to be on the upswing.
But this is a simplistic overview. How are we really doing as a community? We have tons of new restaurants and bars, but are we taking care of the things and the people that need to be taken care of? Even before Katrina, we have had such a problem with public education and now education is a huge part of where we need to focus right now. That’s why I’m trying to work with groups like Liberty’s Kitchen, which is just one of many grassroots organizations that are doing good work.
I think it’s important for all of these new small, chef-owned restaurants to start giving back too. Whatever you can do! I know that it’s hard for small restaurants to give, but you have to find a way, even if it is just giving your time. A lot of people depend on us to step up and help.
Cedric Angeles, Photographer:
My first encounter with Hurricane Katrina was far away from New Orleans. I was on a shoot in Miami when Katrina made landfall. The power went out in Miami, and, not wanting to face the mess at the airport, my assistant and I drove our rental car home to New York.
Days later, from my apartment in Brooklyn, I would watch, along with the rest of the world, the devastation of New Orleans.
I returned in 2006, on assignment for Travel + Leisure to shoot a portrait of a resident of the Lower Ninth Ward, where the worst flooding occurred. Driving through it, I remember seeing empty plots, cars on top of houses, just total wreckage.
The subject of my photograph was living in a FEMA trailer while his home was under construction. He showed me his home, bare to the studs. As we walked around his living room, he told me how he climbed into the attic of his house as the water rose quickly. He told me how he clung to the roof of the home in order to be seen and rescued. When I asked him why he still wanted to live there, when most of the houses around him were either destroyed or gone, he said that this is home, that nothing could take that away. All he could do was rebuild.
One has to understand the history of the city to know that most of the families have been there for generations. You can feel history here in everything. And Katrina has become a part of New Orleans’s history.
I like to think that the Hurricane had a hand in my own story—I met my wife, Mia Kaplan, at a gallery she was running on Julia Street in 2008, when I returned to New Orleans to photograph a travel story on the city. I had to take a portrait of her. She spent time with me during the shoot. She showed me the city. She walked me through the Marigny, to the French Quarter, to the CBD very late one night, describing her favorite things about the city.
I fell in love with her. I fell in love with the city.
Fast forward to now, we live in Lacombe, a small town north of New Orleans, on Lake Pontchartrain. New Orleans was just one part of the city that flooded during Katrina. The outlying parishes also flooded. My wife’s childhood home had five feet of water in it. Her mom had to rebuild. They did not leave.
This city came back because of the people. There is a sense of acceptance here; being unique is a badge of honor. This place is a magnet for those who are comfortable in their own skin. This is what New Orleans is for me—a symbol of hope, of the love of life. Laissez les bons temps rouler is a Cajun expression, meaning, “Let the good times roll” in French. Perfectly fitting for this city.
I drove around the Lower Ninth Ward yesterday, and most of the houses are still abandoned and the lots are empty and full of weeds. But then, you drive around the Bywater, the Irish Channel, Mid-City, even parts of the Ninth Ward, and houses are selling for half a million dollars. You hear the word “gentrification” being used a lot. I don’t think anyone really has an answer; everyone is just trying to rebuild the best they can. People talk about the soul of a city. I would argue that New Orleans has the most beautiful and deepest soul of any American city.
Tim Williamson, Cofounder and CEO, the Idea Village:
I am very proud of the progress New Orleans has made 10 years after Hurricane Katrina. Entrepreneurial activity in the city is currently 64 percent above the national average, as cited by the Data Center. I’d say New Orleans is well on its way to becoming the strongest hub of entrepreneurship in the South. Sure, you have Silicon Valley on the West Coast, and New York and Boston on the East Coast, but New Orleans is ripe to become the third coast for entrepreneurship. How? Imagine a Mardi Gras for ideas…
New Orleans is already the best in the world at connecting people. We’re a city of rhythms and rituals all organized around a unique cultural calendar, and each year the city is on a global stage for innovation and new thinking, as New Orleans Entrepreneur Week (NOEW) has become a don’t-miss event in March. NOEW leverages the Mardi Gras model of setting a date, creating a platform, and inviting everyone to the party—using business as the means for convening. Last year’s event engaged 10,585 individuals. Building on that momentum, the global technology conference Collision just announced its relocation to New Orleans, which strategically falls on the heels of NOEW, in April.
I encourage everyone to come to New Orleans this spring, where you’ll still experience our great food, unique culture, and incredible spirit.
Bryan Batt, Actor, author, and interior designer:
What people don’t know is that there are so many unsung heroes who did great things during Katrina. The policemen and the firemen and the Coast Guard—all those who stayed behind. Everyday citizens who did what they could. I remember the city rallying; there was this optimism. You cannot stop the soul and the spirit and the heart of this city. When something is that pure and that honest and that original, it is unstoppable.
There are horror stories, yes, but the people who survived are here to tell the story and make sure that this never happens again. We always see the capacity for human hatred and human ills, but human kindness and generosity is stronger, and that is what really helped this city come back.
I think that New Orleans is better now than ever before. There are so many beautiful, historic things here, but I think we can build on that. I love the influx of new people trying to create something here. I used to have to go L.A. and New York to work, and now I’m filming here. It’s wonderful that I can live in my hometown and be a part of the rebirth and the renaissance of New Orleans and also get to do what I love. There’s always been the same beat running through New Orleans, now it’s just jazzed up a little more.
Wayne Curtis, Freelance writer and author of the Last Great Walk:
“Don’t worry about us in New Orleans. We’ll be fine because we hate your music and we can’t stand your food.”
That’s what local jazz trumpeter and composer Terrence Blanchard told audiences when touring in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. It always got a laugh. But it also goes a long way toward explaining why the city has rebounded as well as it has in the 10 years since the floodwalls failed.
Any visitor to the city quickly learns that the culture of New Orleans isn’t like that of anywhere else. You won’t find it in grand marble edifices, or in orchestras or operas. Instead, it’s found in musicians on the streets, in clubs so small you need to duck to avoid the trombone slide, in the countless tiny kitchens where home cooks pull out tattered recipes inherited from their great-grandmothers.
Above all, its culture is not static, something spoken of by docents when enlightening us about “how it used to be.” The city’s cultural life remains alive and vital and evolving. New Orleans is a living, growing thing, not an inanimate monument that serves as a backdrop for selfies.
Among the key lessons from Katrina: It’s not enough just to prepare an evacuation plan, or make sure your insurance premiums are up to date. You also need this to survive: a culture you love enough to rebuild.
Terence Blanchard, Grammy award-winning trumpeter and composer:
When I think about Katrina now, 10 years after the fact, I’m amazed at the perseverance of the citizens of New Orleans. In the immediate aftermath, there was a lot of discussion about whether or not the city should even be rebuilt. The levees themselves were not being maintained properly, and the media was treating the people of New Orleans like “refugees.” When you put all those things into play, it’s amazing to realize that people still have a strong enough connection to want to return home. None of these factors determined the way that we feel about our city—its culture, food, music, art, and celebrations. These are the things that really make this city what it is.
We learned a great deal, because the water didn’t discriminate. If you were in its path, it took you out. A lot of people realized, at the time or after the fact, that we’re all in this together—we’re all in the same boat.
I’m amazed at how far we’ve come, not to say we’ve fully recovered, because we still have work to do. But to have people come through and be still looking forward is a feat in itself. We are not looking back. You don’t hear people in New Orleans blaming their situations on Katrina. People are thinking about how to move forward and how to be a more progressive city. And I’m extremely proud of that.
John Barry, Author of Rising Tide:
Because of Katrina we are conscious of what needs to be done to protect our city, and we have the plans to do it. Implementing the plan is the challenge, as well as getting the money to pay for it, and defusing any opposition. All we can talk about now is risk reduction. The risk is still there; there is plenty of risk. The concept of “100-year flood protection” is Orwellian—sounds safe in theory, but it’s actually the lowest standard of protection. It was only a standard for flood insurance.
But you also have to put this issue into context. It’s not about just New Orleans. New Orleans is in the news because of the devastation of Katrina, but that’s not to say that this type of disaster couldn’t happen in Houston or Miami or Boston. Depending on the rise in sea level, no coastal city is truly safe. The irony is that New Orleans has a better shot at safety than most cities, but the question is whether it will actually be protected by the implementation of such a plan. And that is a political question.
John Barry is also a former member of the Southeast Louisiana Flood Protection Authority East and the Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority, which was formed in 2006 to oversee levee protection in the Greater New Orleans area, and filer of a lawsuit in 2013 against dozens of oil and gas companies for coastal erosion damages.
Grover Mouton, Director of Tulane Regional Urban Design Center and Adjunct Associate Professor of Architecture:
When the storm hit I was in California, but my wife was in town, and had been taken to a hotel by a friend. She was in the room when all the windows blew out. The next day, she was driven to Baton Rouge, as the water came down Canal Street, flooding the city.
Several days after the storm hit, the phone rang—it was Judge Gorbdy, Chairperson for the St. Bernard Citizens’ Recovery Committee, asking if I could construct a recovery plan for the Parish. When I returned a month later, the water level had gone down enough that I could enter the Parish, where no one was allowed without permission. The area had flooded completely and was devastated—whole streets were gone, buildings destroyed, the contents of peoples’ homes splayed out in their front yards. We were told that many of the people who lived there were former residents of the Lower Ninth Ward who had moved downriver to St. Bernard.
The existing landscape had been completely altered, so the plan was to simply break the areas into manageable districts and write guidelines for each. It was a moving experience to feel like something was being done, but still challenging to see buildings destroyed. I asked my students to develop recommendations for the Parish and present as a class exercise to the committee, which was good for them and for the citizenry at large.
The storm peeled back the veil and exposed the city’s innards—the brutality of life for the urban poor. It gave the city a chance to see the reality, the things that most people pay no attention to. The storm gave the city a chance to become a new place, full of young people, a new cultural and economic structure, trying to reestablish itself.
Harry Shearer, Actor, radio host, and author:
I adopted New Orleans and it adopted me. I came here and I fell in love with it.
It has been an unpredictably successful recovery powered not by any big plans—in fact, the only two big plans that have been carried out here, the closing of the housing projects and the closing of charity hospitals, have not necessarily contributed to the recovery. The secret of the recovery was that it was done by one person, one family at a time rebuilding their own house or their own business, with the help of their neighbors and the help of volunteers. Given all the lies that were told about how New Orleanians acted during the flood, I think it’s important for people around the country to know that this city has bootstrapped itself back into a recovery.
New Orleans couldn’t have gotten a worse deal after Katrina. Compare how New Orleans was treated after 2005 to the deification of New York after 9/11. The feeling was that this city had been orphaned by the country that it thought it belonged to.
Today, New Orleans is dealing with the problems of success rather than the problems of failure. We are not dealing with empty neighborhoods or crumbling infrastructure in the way that, say, Detroit is, or the way that we were afraid we were going to be. We’re spending a lot more time talking about gentrification, which is a problem of a successful city.
Amanda deLeon, Fashion designer:
I am a Louisiana native. I always knew, or at least dreamt that, I would end up in New Orleans. But when Katrina hit I feared that it would never happen. At that time I was living in North Carolina and just getting started with my fashion business, not knowing what to do with it yet. Eventually, we decided it was time to move back home, and where else would we go but New Orleans. The inaugural event of New Orleans Fashion Week had just been announced when we arrived. Since then, I have seen both the local fashion and manufacturing scenes become more than just passing trends. These businesses are becoming a viable part of rebuilding what was lost in the storm, and more. Designers and manufacturers in the area are creating jobs for people in the community, and inspiring a new generation of entrepreneurs and craftsmen. It started out with, “This is quaint,” and has moved into “This is the real deal.” It’s an uphill battle to get serious eyes on a fashion industry in the South, but I feel that we are making moves in the right direction.
The art world responded to us very generously after Katrina. There were benefits for the New Orleans Museum of Art in New York that raised a lot of money. It was a wonderful experience to have them reach out and help us in our hour of need.
Another thing that came out of that time was Prospect. Arthur Rodgers hosted a panel at his gallery in 2006, where he brought together members of the art world to ask where we go from here. Curator Dan Cameron suggested putting on an international art biennial in New Orleans that would bring back monied collectors from all over the world. It was an audacious thing to propose to this broken city.
But Prospect.1 was a phenomenal success, and it did just what Dan suggested it would do. Now we’re preparing for Prospect.4 in 2017, which will be one of the first events of the city’s tri-centennial celebration.
The city’s biggest fear after Katrina was that we were going to lose our unique identity because of all the people leaving—the musicians and the artists. But I’m happy to report, we were wrong. We came back. The storm and the floods couldn’t destroy the culture of New Orleans.
Ann Koerner, Founder, Ann Koerner Antiques:
We were living in an old house on the beach in Pass Christian, Mississippi, when Katrina hit. What it did to our house was not pretty. It looked like a teardown, but we persevered and restored, saving lots of broken furniture and objects for several years while work went on, and then getting them out of storage, seeing they couldn’t be fixed and throwing them away. Katrina had a way of letting you know what is important. Things? No. People? Yes.
The people of New Orleans suffered more severely, from the storm itself but also from manmade causes. Some of the stories were horrifying and some were touching in their humanity. Some were funny—New Orleanians are resilient in that way. Many people were displaced and had to leave. Some came back because they could and this is home.
Katrina spotlighted the good and the bad—cultural gifts New Orleans gives to the country that are conjured out of the place itself and the people who have lived here, as well as issues relating to our infrastructure that need fixing.
There is a certain sense of impossibility of living in New Orleans that seems both foolhardy and a desirable order of things. I’ve never read anything that adequately says why this is so, though many try. After Katrina, everywhere I went, I kept measuring other places against New Orleans, but New Orleans always won out. When I am away, I miss it—I know what it means to miss New Orleans.
Kit Wohl, Artist and author, as told to Laura Itzkowitz:
New Orleans has had its fair share of tragedies and fires and the occasional hurricane. I would say this was absolutely the worst. To see the amount of work that’s occurred in a decade is stunning. We have a new spirit of entrepreneurship. There’s a tremendous influx of young, creative people. I have friends opening galleries left and right. Old neighborhoods are facing new development. New companies are springing up. Our children used to go to college and leave for Atlanta or New York. Now they’re coming from Atlanta and New York and setting up companies here. It’s a vital creative community. It’s always been a fabulous place for creatives—look at Tennessee Williams and Faulkner. New Orleans thrives on creativity; it’s the best part of the city. We put our strange people out on the porch and give ‘em a cocktail.
Read the full article here: http://www.travelandleisure.com/articles/new-orleans-10th-anniversary-katrina